Himachal Pradesh Energy Development Agency (HIMURJA) has made many initiatives to exploit its renewable sources to meet its energy demand across the state. The state agency has implemented two state-level energy parks funded by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE). Energy parks provide a means to learn and understand renewable energy and its application by displaying working models of the various energy devices.
The objective for setting up an energy park were to create awareness among public, students, visitors and beneficiaries about the use of the renewable energy; demonstrate the working of the various renewable energy devices used for electricity generation; and
to make an environment where children would learn while playing.
The salient features of the Energy Park:
The two energy parks were set up at Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan, and at National Institute of Technology (NIT), Hamirpur.
The main features of the park are:
Children’s corner: Computer based solar and wind energy games are played in the park. The exhibits are based on paddle power, walk and generate electricity through rolling drum, energy slip and power generating merry-go-round, to demonstrate the phenomenon of conversion of mechanical energy into the electrical energy. Five solar powered cars and bicycles are also available in the park.
Solar Pavilion: A solar photovoltaic plant of 5KW capacity has been installed in the energy park to meet the power requirement of buildings and power requirement for the operation of the working models of renewable energy devices. The exhibits/devices such as different models of solar cookers, solar water heating system, solar lights, home lights, solar lantern, solar drier and solar still etc. are displayed for providing awareness and use of different forms of solar energy in our day to day life.
Bio-energy pavilion: Biomass is one of the interesting and very promising technologies to substitute conventional energy source. Today due to rise of fuel prices and environmental issues, biomass has become an important source of renewable energy for securing sustainable energy and for tackling climate change. To make people understand the concepts of biomass fuel and energy, a working model of 5 KW biomass gasifier plant and biogas plant of 10 cu.m. capacity has been set up in the Park.
Water Pavilion: Gravity causes water to flow downwards and this downward motion of water contains kinetic energy, which can be converted into mechanical energy, and then from mechanical energy into electrical energy. Different working models of hydro power turbines operating under different heads are displayed in the water pavilion. The water power exhibits, therefore, assume a significant role in the energy education park.
Wind Energy Pavilion: The exhibit displays different types of windmills both vertical and horizontal. All the windmills shall be operational through artificially created wind from a blower.
Budget and Central Financial Assistance:
Cost of developing an energy education park is about Rs. 3.5 crore. MNRE provides Central Financial Assistance (CFA) up to Rs. 1 crore.
[Source: MNRE 2013]